SDS Köln • Evangelische Gemeinde Köln • Fraktion Freie Wähler/Deine Freunde im LVR • Gewerkschaft der Polizei, (GdP) Kreisgruppe Köln • GEW. Website der GdP Kreisgruppe Köln. Auch in diesem Jahr möchten wir, die Gewerkschaft der Polizei (GdP), alle angehenden Kolleginnen und Kollegen des. Gross domestic product and gross value added (GVA) by economic sectors GDP per employed person. (in euros). Cologne. 62, 57, 10,
Liste der deutschen Städte nach BruttoinlandsproduktJunge Gruppe GdP Köln, Köln, Deutschland (Cologne, Germany). likes. Auf dieser Seite findet ihr alles rund um die Veranstaltungen der Jungen Gruppe. 10 % Rabattin allen Bunert Filialen für GdP-Mitglieder. 15 mal in NRW: Dortmund, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Essen, Hilden,. Köln, Köln-Süd, Kleve, Krefeld, Neuss. Website der GdP Kreisgruppe Köln. Auch in diesem Jahr möchten wir, die Gewerkschaft der Polizei (GdP), alle angehenden Kolleginnen und Kollegen des.
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Gdp Köln beachten Sie, der kann sich zurГcklehnen. - Kreisgruppen in NRWDGB Nordrhein Westfalen. Website der GdP Kreisgruppe Köln. Auch in diesem Jahr möchten wir, die Gewerkschaft der Polizei (GdP), alle angehenden Kolleginnen und Kollegen des. Auch im Polizeipräsidium Köln wurden die neuen KA herzlich begrüßt. Auch die GdP, als größte Polizeigewerkschaft in NRW und dem Bund. Junge Gruppe GdP Köln, Köln. Gefällt Mal · 1 Personen sprechen darüber. Auf dieser Seite findet ihr alles rund um die Veranstaltungen der Jungen. Junge Gruppe GdP Köln, Köln, Deutschland (Cologne, Germany). likes. Auf dieser Seite findet ihr alles rund um die Veranstaltungen der Jungen Gruppe. Cologne, German Köln, fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the Land (state) of North Rhine–Westphalia. One of the key inland ports of Europe, it is the historic, cultural, and economic capital of the Rhineland. The poorest economy, South Sudan, would be only % and % of the global GDP per capita in nominal and PPP methods, respectively. In nominal data, only Luxembourg would have gdp per capita of above one lakh US dollar. There would be 12 economies that would have per capita gdp above $50, Cologne has a railway service with Deutsche Bahn InterCity and ICE-trains stopping at Köln Hauptbahnhof (Cologne Main Station), Köln Messe/Deutz and Cologne/Bonn Airport. ICE and TGV Thalys high-speed trains link Cologne with Amsterdam, Brussels (in 1h47, 9 departures/day) and Paris (in 3h14, 6 departures/day). Tokyo, the world’s largest metro economy with $ trillion in GDP-PPP, is just slightly smaller than all of South Korea. Were it a nation, Tokyo would rank as the 15th largest economy in the world. Gross domestic product (GDP) is the standard measure of the value added created through the production of goods and services in a country during a certain period. As such, it also measures the income earned from that production, or the total amount spent on final goods and services (less imports).
Cologne was one of the leading members of the Hanseatic League and one of the largest cities north of the Alps in medieval and Renaissance times.
With the intention of restoring as many historic landmarks as possible, the postwar rebuilding has resulted in a very mixed and unique cityscape.
Cologne is a major cultural centre for the Rhineland ; it hosts more than 30 museums and hundreds of galleries. Exhibitions range from local ancient Roman archeological sites to contemporary graphics and sculpture.
In , under emperor Constantine I , a bridge was built over the Rhine at Cologne. Roman imperial governors resided in the city and it became one of the most important trade and production centres in the Roman Empire north of the Alps.
Maternus, who was elected as bishop in , was the first known bishop of Cologne. The city was the capital of a Roman province until it was occupied by the Ripuarian Franks in Parts of the original Roman sewers are preserved underneath the city, with the new sewerage system having opened in Early medieval Cologne was part of Austrasia within the Frankish Empire.
In , Charles Martel commanded an army for the first time and suffered the only defeat of his life when Chilperic II , King of Neustria , invaded Austrasia and the city fell to him in the Battle of Cologne.
Cologne had been the seat of a bishop since the Roman period; under Charlemagne , in , bishop Hildebold was promoted to archbishop.
In , the archbishops of Cologne first gained noteworthy secular power when bishop Bruno was appointed as duke by his brother Otto I , King of Germany.
In order to weaken the secular nobility, who threatened his power, Otto endowed Bruno and his archiepiscopal successors with the prerogatives of secular princes, thus establishing the Electorate of Cologne , formed by the temporal possessions of the archbishopric and included in the end a strip of territory along the left Bank of the Rhine east of Jülich , as well as the Duchy of Westphalia on the other side of the Rhine, beyond Berg and Mark.
By the end of the 12th century, the Archbishop of Cologne was one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Emperor. Besides being prince elector, he was Archchancellor of Italy as well, technically from and permanently from until Following the Battle of Worringen in , Cologne gained its independence from the archbishops and became a Free City.
Thus the municipal council though in strict political opposition towards the archbishop depended upon him in all matters concerning criminal justice.
This included torture, the sentence for which was only allowed to be handed down by the episcopal judge known as the "Greve".
This legal situation lasted until the French conquest of Cologne. Besides its economic and political significance Cologne also became an important centre of medieval pilgrimage, when Cologne's archbishop, Rainald of Dassel , gave the relics of the Three Wise Men to Cologne's cathedral in after they, in fact, had been taken from Milan.
Cologne's location on the river Rhine placed it at the intersection of the major trade routes between east and west as well as the main south—north Western Europe trade route, Northern Italy to Flanders.
The intersection of these trade routes were the basis of Cologne's growth. By the city population was 50,—55, The economic structures of medieval and early modern Cologne were characterised by the city's status as a major harbour and transport hub on the Rhine.
Craftsmanship was organised by self-administering guilds, some of which were exclusive to women. As a free imperial city , Cologne was a self-ruling state within the Holy Roman Empire , an imperial estate with seat and vote at the Imperial Diet , and as such had the right and obligation to contribute to the defense of the Empire and maintain its own military force.
As they wore a red uniform, these troops were known as the Rote Funken red sparks. These soldiers were part of the Army of the Holy Roman Empire "Reichskontingent" and fought in the wars of the 17th and 18th century, including the wars against revolutionary France, when the small force was almost completely wiped out in combat.
The tradition of these troops is preserved as a military persiflage by Cologne's most outstanding carnival society, the Rote Funken. Since the second half of the 16th century the majority of archbishops were drawn from the Bavaria Wittelsbach dynasty.
Due to the free status of Cologne, the archbishops were usually not allowed to enter the city. Thus they took up residence in Bonn and later in Brühl on the Rhine.
As members of an influential and powerful family, and supported by their outstanding status as electors , the archbishops of Cologne repeatedly challenged and threatened the free status of Cologne during the 17th and 18th centuries, resulting in complicated affairs, which were handled by diplomatic means and propaganda as well as by the supreme courts of the Holy Roman Empire.
Cologne lost its status as a free city during the French period. Thus this region later became part of Napoleon's Empire.
The French modernised public life, for example by introducing the Napoleonic code and removing the old elites from power.
The Napoleonic code remained in use on the left bank of the Rhine until , when a unified civil code the Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch was introduced in the German Empire.
The permanent tensions between the Roman Catholic Rhineland and the overwhelmingly Protestant Prussian state repeatedly escalated with Cologne being in the focus of the conflict.
In the archbishop of Cologne, Clemens August von Droste-Vischering , was arrested and imprisoned for two years after a dispute over the legal status of marriages between Protestants and Roman Catholics Mischehenstreit.
In , during the Kulturkampf , Archbishop Paul Melchers was imprisoned before taking asylum in the Netherlands. These conflicts alienated the Catholic population from Berlin and contributed to a deeply felt anti-Prussian resentment, which was still significant after World War II, when the former mayor of Cologne, Konrad Adenauer , became the first West German chancellor.
Industrialisation changed the city and spurred its growth. Vehicle and engine manufacturing was especially successful, though the heavy industry was less ubiquitous than in the Ruhr area.
The cathedral , started in but abandoned around , was eventually finished in not just as a place of worship but also as a German national monument celebrating the newly founded German empire and the continuity of the German nation since the Middle Ages.
Some of this urban growth occurred at the expense of the city's historic heritage with much being demolished for example, the city walls or the area around the cathedral and sometimes replaced by contemporary buildings.
Cologne was designated as one of the Fortresses of the German Confederation. Cologne was occupied by the British Army of the Rhine until , under the terms of the Armistice and the subsequent Versailles Peace Treaty.
Konrad Adenauer , the mayor of Cologne from until and later a West German chancellor, acknowledged the political impact of this approach, especially since Britain had opposed French demands for a permanent Allied occupation of the entire Rhineland.
As part of the demilitarisation of the Rhineland , the city's fortifications had to be dismantled. This was an opportunity to create two green belts Grüngürtel around the city by converting the fortifications and their fields of fire into large public parks.
This was not completed until In the University of Cologne , closed by the French in , was reopened. This was considered to be a replacement for the loss of the University of Strasbourg on the west bank of the Rhine, which reverted to France with the rest of Alsace.
Cologne prospered during the Weimar Republic —33 , and progress was made especially in public governance, city planning, housing and social affairs.
Social housing projects were considered exemplary and were copied by other German cities. Cologne competed to host the Olympics, and a modern sports stadium was erected at Müngersdorf.
When the British occupation ended, the prohibition of civil aviation was lifted and Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport soon became a hub for national and international air traffic, second in Germany only to Berlin Tempelhof Airport.
The democratic parties lost the local elections in Cologne in March to the Nazi Party and other right wing parties. The Nazis then arrested the Communist and Social Democrats members of the city assembly, and Mayor Adenauer was dismissed.
Compared to some other major cities, however, the Nazis never gained decisive support in Cologne. Significantly, the number of votes cast for the Nazi Party in Reichstag elections had always been the national average.
Cologne was home to the th Infantry Regiment and the 26th Artillery Regiment. The Allies dropped 44, During the Bombing of Cologne in World War II , Cologne endured air raids  by the Western Allies , which caused approximately 20, civilian casualties and almost completely wiped out the central part of the city.
The devastation was recorded by Hermann Claasen from until the end of the war, and presented in his exhibition and book of Singing in the furnace.
Cologne — Remains of an old city . Cologne was taken by the American First Army in early March This loss was mainly caused by a massive evacuation of the people to more rural areas.
The same happened in many other German cities in the last two years of war. By the end of , however, the population had already recovered to approximately , Despite Cologne's status as the largest city in the region, nearby Düsseldorf was chosen as the political capital of the federated state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
With Bonn being chosen as the provisional federal capital provisorische Bundeshauptstadt and seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany then informally West Germany , Cologne benefited by being sandwiched between two important political centres.
The city became—and still is—home to a number of federal agencies and organizations. After reunification in , Berlin was made the capital of Germany.
In architect and urban planner Rudolf Schwarz called Cologne the "world's greatest heap of rubble".
Schwarz designed the master plan for reconstruction in , which included the construction of several new thoroughfares through the city centre, especially the Nord-Süd-Fahrt "North-South-Drive".
The master plan took into consideration the fact that even shortly after the war a large increase in automobile traffic could be anticipated.
Plans for new roads had already, to a certain degree, evolved under the Nazi administration, but the actual construction became easier when most of the city centre was in ruins.
Gereon , Great St. Martin , St. The rebuilding of those churches and other landmarks such as the Gürzenich event hall was not undisputed among leading architects and art historians at that time, but in most cases, civil intention prevailed.
The reconstruction lasted until the s, when the Romanesque church of St. Kunibert was finished. In , the city's population reached pre-war numbers again.
In the s and s Cologne's economy prospered for two main reasons. The first was the growth in the number of media companies, both in the private and public sectors; they are especially catered for in the newly developed Media Park, which creates a strong visual focal point in Cologne's city centre and includes the KölnTurm , one of Cologne's most prominent high-rise buildings.
The second was the permanent improvement of the diverse traffic infrastructure, which made Cologne one of the most easily accessible metropolitan areas in Central Europe.
Due to the economic success of the Cologne Trade Fair , the city arranged a large extension to the fair site in At the same time the original buildings, which date back to the s, were rented out to RTL , Germany's largest private broadcaster, as their new corporate headquarters.
Cologne was the focus of the New Year's Eve sexual assaults in Germany , with over women reporting that they were sexually assaulted by persons of African and Arab appearance.
Cologne is divided into 9 boroughs Stadtbezirke and 85 districts Stadtteile : . Located in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Cologne is one of the warmest cities in Germany.
It has a temperate — oceanic climate Köppen: Cfb with cool winters and warm summers. It is also one of the cloudiest cities in Germany, with just hours of sun a year.
Its average annual temperature is In January, the mean temperature is 5. The record high temperature of 40C F happened on 25 July during the July European heat wave in which Cologne saw three consecutive days over 38C F.
Temperatures can vary significantly over the course of a month with warmer and colder weather. Precipitation is spread evenly throughout the year with a light peak in summer due to showers and thunderstorms.
Cologne is regularly affected by flooding from the Rhine and is considered the most flood-prone European city.
Cologne is the fourth-largest city in Germany after Berlin , Hamburg and Munich. As of 31 December , there were 1,, people registered as living in Cologne in an area of There were , women and , men in Cologne.
For every 1, males, there were 1, females. In , there were 11, births in Cologne of which In the city, the population was spread out, with According to the Statistical Office of the City of Cologne, the number of people with a migrant background is at The average household size was 1.
Cologne residents with a foreign citizenship as of 31 December is as follows: . These dialects are spoken in the area covered by the Archdiocese and former Electorate of Cologne reaching from Neuss in the north to just south of Bonn , west to Düren and east to Olpe in the North-West of Germany.
Kölsch is one of the very few city dialects in Germany, which also include the dialect spoken in Berlin , for example.
As of , It is known that in the early second century it was a bishop's seat. The first historical Bishop of Cologne was Saint Maternus. According to the census, 2.
In , about Cologne also has one of the oldest and largest Jewish communities in Germany. The city's administration is headed by the mayor and the three deputy mayors.
The long tradition of a free imperial city, which long dominated an exclusively Catholic population and the age-old conflict between the church and the bourgeoisie and within it between the patricians and craftsmen have created its own political climate in Cologne.
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